Do You Have Gonorrhea? Tell-Tale Signs

Both men and women can catch gonorrhea by having sex with an infected partner. “Having sex” means, where there is an exchange of body fluids between two people. This includes, giving or receiving oral or anal sex with either a man or a woman, or having virginal sex with a woman. No erection is necessary to catch gonorrhea, as it is highly contagious and thrives in warm conditions. Gonorrhea can also spread to an unborn baby from an untreated mother. Men show different signs of gonorrhea than women, although some symptoms may be shared.

Common Signs of Gonorrhea in Men

1. A painful burning or stinging sensation when urinating.

2. A frequent urge to urinate even with a low intake of liquids.

3. A white, yellow, or green discharge from the end of the penis.

4. The tip of the head of the penis may turn red and become sore.

5. Small spots or fine streams of blood in the urine.

6. Pain in the groin due to swelling of the glands (swollen testicles).

7. Throat or rectum infections, together with pain, swelling, and discharge.

8. Some men show no signs of gonorrhea at all.

Although there are some common signs that may show in both men and women, it is usually the man who first notices the symptoms of gonorrhea. If a gonorrhea infection is not treated in a man, a painful condition called epididymitis may occur, this being in the epididymis. The epididymis is the coiled tube that lies on the back of each testicle. The tube, or the testicles may become swollen, resulting in considerable pain in both the upper and lower areas of the genitals. In rare cases, the condition may cause a man to have problems fathering children, even after it has been treated.

Common Signs of Gonorrhea in Women

1. A painful burning or stinging sensation when urinating.

2. Increased vaginal discharge or bleeding between periods.

3. Anal itching, bleeding, or soreness.

4. Throat or rectum infections, together with pain, swelling, and discharge.

Women usually show no signs of having gonorrhea. However, if a gonorrhea infection is not treated in a woman, it can spread to either the womb or the fallopian tubes and cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). Usually, the symptoms of PID include stomach pains and fever, which in turn can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes and prevent a woman from bearing children in the future. Untreated gonorrhea may also cause ectopic pregnancy or chronic pelvic pain in a woman. It can also spread to the blood and joins in both men and women, a condition that can be life-threatening.

Treatments for Gonorrhea

The CENTRE for Disease Control (CDC) recommend various different treatment options, which include:

1. Cefixime 400 mg taken orally in one single dose.

2. Ceftriaxone 125 IM taken in one single dose.

3. Ciprofloxacin 500 mg taken orally in one single dose.

4. Ofloxacin 400 mg, PLUS Azithromycin 1g, taken orally together in one single dose.

5. Doxycycline 100 mg, taken orally twice a day over a period of 7 days.

Alternative treatments are available if a patient is either allergic to one of the medicines, or is unable to take one of them due to it not being compatible with one that is already being taken.

How to Prevent Gonorrhea

The best method for the prevention against catching gonorrhea is to use either a male or female condom, although they should never be used together. If a stable relationship exists between both partners, then no protection should be necessary. However, if this is not the case, protection should always be used.

Source by Philip A Edmonds-Hunt

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