Blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level. It is the amount of sugar present in the blood that affects the viscosity of the blood in the body. Normally, the range of our blood glucose level is at reference range between 3. 6 and 5. 8 millimeter per liter. Our metabolic homeostasis helps to normalize our blood sugar whenever it deviates from the normal range.
Whenever our glucose level rises or at low level, it may indicate of a medical condition. It is greatly affected by the regulation of our insulin and glucagon in our body. Whenever one of the two are dominant, then it will rise to an alteration of our blood sugar. As nutritional aspect greatly affects this condition, hereditary aspect also plays role in behind this phenomenon. It is believed that the diabetic condition of a parent can be passed down to the next generation. Even if the child eats minimal amount of composition of sugar in the intake of food.
However, maintaining a normal blood glucose level is like playing a seesaw. If you want to normalize the level of your glucose in blood, then you must be able to keep the both ends of the seesaw in parallel with each other. So when glucagon is playing hard, the blood sugar will rise, so insulin needs to double up in order to have equal pace with glucagon. Also, whenever insulin is dominant, then the glucose level will deplete, letting glucagon strive hard to make up with the level of insulin.
So, it is usually advised that when glucose level decreases, the patient is advised to intake maximum amount of sugar required by the body. He needs to supply coke, candy, chocolates, or any other sweets around the corner so as to avoid lethargy, irritability, shaking, weakness in arm and leg muscles and also sweating. And also, if glucose in blood increases, then the patient is advised to inject prescribed dose of insulin to equalize the amount of glucose in blood back to its normal value and to maintain a low carbohydrate diabetic diet to avoid convulsions, shock, severe liver disease and risk for obesity.
Thus, there are tests available to check for glucose levels.
1. “Fasting blood sugar” test. This evaluates blood glucose levels after a fast — typically 8 hours long. Usually taken first thing in the morning when their blood sugar in not impacted by eating or drinking.
2. “2 hour postprandial” blood glucose test. This evaluates blood sugar levels two hours after eating, and if the result is ranging from 70 and 99, then the patient has normal blood sugar level.
3. Random blood glucose testing. This tests sugar levels all through the entire day — regardless of consumption of food, activity, exercise or sleeping. Blood sugar should be in between 70 and 135.
4. Glucose tolerance test. This test is performed where patient is advised to drink a liquid that is mostly made up of glucose. This is to see the reaction of blood immediately after a high amount of sugar is consumed and then released into the blood.